Published on Nov 6, 2012
Maria Barbanou is raising two of her granddaughters while their mother, Maria's daughter, is working as a housekeeper in Italy to try to earn a living for their family. Their situation is increasingly common in Moldova, Europe's poorest country, where unemployment and low wages have driven hundreds of thousands of migrants to seek work abroad, usually as manual laborers. As a result, a generation of young Moldovans is growing up while their parents are far from home. RFE/RL correspondent Irina Gotisan visited the small town of Buda to meet some of these "economic orphans" and their caregiver.
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The Moldova State University was founded on October 1, 1946 as the State University of Chisinau. Its creation was a milestone for the development, strengthening and consolidation of the higher education of the country. The MSU is a classic type of institution and its noble mission is to offer qualitative education and training of highly skilled specialists.
5 faculties were opened initially at the State University of Chisinau (Physics and Mathematics, Geology and Soil Science, Biology, Chemistry, History and Philology).
During the first year 320 people were enrolled in 12 departments; the educational process was guided by the academic staff of 35. In 1958, department of part-time and correspondence education was opened at the State University of Chisinau; and, this form is of education is still used at some faculties. In order to facilitate the training of young professionals the evening section had been providing training for many years (1958-1981).
During 1946-1988, the institution, as a part of the Soviet system of education was under the management of Moscow. Beginning from 1969, the State University of Chisinau is a member of the International Association of Universities.
The MSU soon became a recognized leader of the national system of higher education in the country. It has always been responsive to the society demands; thus, the new departments and faculties were created: the Faculty of Economics (1953-1991, 2002), the Faculty of Law (1959), the Faculty of Engineering and Technology (1959), the Faculty of Foreign Languages (1964), the Faculty for Training Foreign Students (1967), the Faculty of Journalism (1980), the Faculty of Philosophy and Psychology (1994), the Faculty of Political Science (1995), Computer Centre (1973), Central University Library (1994). On the basis of some engineering and economics specialties of the Moldova State University, new higher educational institutions were established such as Technical University of Moldova (1964), the Academy of Economic Studies (1991) and the Academy of Theology (1993).
With the breakup of the Soviet Union significant changes were introduced in the system of higher education. During 1988-1996 the State University is characterized by improvement of traditional forms of scientific-methodological work and implementation of new technologies. Curricular and organizational forms previously used were modified. On January 19, 1990, the institution was renamed into the Moldova State University. The contract system has been applied since 1994 in the University.
The Moldova State University is the first higher education institution accredited by the Government of the Republic of Moldova, certificate no. 001, signed on February 22, 2001, with subsequent re-accreditation on September 28, 2006.
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University of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Academy of Music, Theatre and Fine Arts
National Institute of Physical Education and Sport
State University of Tiraspol
Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Moldova
International Relations Institute of Moldova
Alexandru cel Bun Military Institute
Stefan cel Mare Police Academy
Cooperative-Commercial University of Moldova
Free International University of Moldova
University of European Studies of Moldova
Dniester Institute of Economics and Law
Perspectiva Institute of International Relations
High Anthropological SchoolChişinău
Academy of Transport, Computer Science and Communications
Published on Jun 13, 2013
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This is the story of a country struggling to overcome the steepest economic decline any society ever experienced in peacetime.
The filmmakers meet musicians and activists, communists and secessionist, Europhiles, young urbanites and desperate pensioners, in a society caught between the EU in the West and an increasingly authoritarian East.
As Moldova develops a clearer sense of where it wants to go as a country it deserves to be taken into account elsewhere in Europe, now more than ever.
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Published on Jun 4, 2013
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Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have opened new doors for free online learning that lends itself well to ICT-related subjects. Meanwhile, employers seek candidates with relevant web skills. The Supply and Demand of MOOCs Infographic shows what skills are most in demand and what MOOCs are available that teach those skills, based on the results of a study conducted by the European Commission.
Top skills employers are looking for:
- Web and app design
- Domain-specific skills
- Programming languages
Top skills students want to learn:
- Web design
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In three workshops-sessions on 9 and 10 April in Chisinau, Moldova, ETF experts provided advice on setting up sector skills councils.
Four skills councils has already been established in Moldova - for agri-food business, construction, ICT and transport – and the country's VET strategy foresees setting up another eight for energy, trade, transport, information and communication technologies (ICT), and other sectors by 2020.
The ministry of education foresees permanent funding for the councils, and ministry of labour is preparing a law on professions, which will give legal basis for the national qualifications framework, sector councils and classification of occupations (nomenklatura). This law will also provide for a technical secretariat.
Ministry of labour confirmed the will of the government to consolidate the role of sector skills councils. Their key function will be to support vocational education and training authorities with labour market analyses and establishment of qualifications, etc. This follows the international practice.
Petri Lempinen, ETF expert who took part in the workshops in Chisinau, emphasized the importance of cooperation and communication.
‘Sector councils must be open networks which can communicate with the sector,’ said Mr Lempinen. ‘They should remain in the domain of social partnership, but traditional bi- or tri-partism can be too narrow approach. Further establishment of councils can partly build on existing good practices of consultation or hearing of stakeholders. Local VET schools and colleges can also have cooperative or advisory bodies with local enterprises.’
Although there is an understanding and will to establish skills councils, practical implementation seems to be difficult. The link with vocational education and training is not always clear to participants, especially in the sectors like construction, where training providers are not members of the skills council. Also the lack of legal personality or status and funding is a major problem hindering development of sector councils.
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