Published on Nov 30, 2014
Despite the economic and social problems the country has been facing, Brazil is still a land of opportunities. Where there is growth and problems to solve, there is also space for change and innovation. In the words of Jorge Paulo Lemann, the richest man in the country, “there are lots, lots of opportunities.” However, our country will not go forward if we don’t improve education. Here are a few of my projects on how to fix Brazilian education and an overview on the challenges our education system faces.
Sources of statistics:
1. PISA Exam http://blogs.cfr.org/oneil/2013/10/23...
2. UOL http://educacao.uol.com.br/noticias/2...
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For a country with a developing economy, Brazil has an impressive number of universities in the QS World University Rankings® – many of which have climbed significantly in recent years.
There are over 2,300 higher education institutions in Brazil that are recognized by Brazil’s Ministry of Education (MEC) so there’s lots of attractive opportunities for international students who want to study in Brazil.
Brazil features 22 times in the 2013/14 QS World University Rankings, with its highest-ranked university being the Universidade de São Paulo (USP) at 127. Next is Universidade Estadual De Campinas (UNICAMP) (215) which is also based in the São Paulo area. A total of 17 Brazilian universities make the world’s top 800 in 2013/14, including four featured in the world’s top 500.
Unsurprisingly, given this strong global presence, Brazil dominates the QS regional rankings for Latin America. In the 2013 QS University Rankings: Latin America, not only is Brazil’s Universidade de São Paulo ranked as the leading university in Latin America for the third year running, Brazil also claims an impressive 81 of the region’s top 300 universities. There are four Brazilian universities in the top ten: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (3), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (8) and Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (10), the latter also achieving four QS stars.
Universities in Brazil
Universities in Brazil are categorized one of three ways by Brazil’s Ministry of Education (MEC). Interestingly, the MEC acronym comes from it previously being the Ministry of Education and Culture; when the Ministry of Culture (MinC) was created and the name became Ministry of Education, its previous acronym stayed with it! You’ll also find that every university in Brazil has an accompanying acronym to its name.
The six categories of higher education institutions in Brazil are:
- Universities: institutions whose core activities are teaching and research for all areas of human knowledge. Community outreach is an important factor in universities, and at least one third of the teaching staff has PhD qualifications.
- University Centers: multi-course educational institutions that address all areas of human knowledge but are not obliged to carry out research. They are autonomous and do not need to seek permission from the MEC to open new courses.
- Integrated Faculties and Schools of Higher Education: smaller institutions with little autonomy that need to obtain approval from the MEC when opening new courses, certificates or degrees. They offer courses at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Integrated faculties operate under a common set of regulations set by a larger university institution while schools offer one or more undergraduate courses in a specific area.
There are also institutes which carry out teaching and research on specialized subjects such as science, mathematics, politics, industrial property, military and philanthropy and isolated colleges which are not linked to universities but are private educational institutions that cover specific areas of knowledge, are not required to conduct research and offer courses at undergraduate and post-graduate levels.
The Brazilian higher education system
Undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees are known as bacharelado and take between three and six years to complete. Aspiring teachers can take a licentiate degree (licenciatura), which takes three to four years to complete while technology degrees (tecnologia) offer highly specialized professional courses such as tourism management or agribusiness and take between two and three years.
Although the licentiate degree has a focus on education and allows the degree holder to teach their chosen subject, the core courses taught are so similar to a bachelor’s degree that the option to undertake a licentiateship or a bachelor’s degree can be made towards the end of the course. Technology degrees, meanwhile, are similar to the US associate’s degree.
Quality assurance is an integral part of Brazilian higher education, with postgraduate programs evaluated regularly (every two years). Programs that score too low are closely monitored by CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior), the Brazilian Federal Agency for the Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education.
With Brazil’s push towards improving education standards and its recent moves towards attracting international students, it is becoming easier for international students to apply to study in Brazil. And, of course, Brazil’s beautiful beaches, lively year-round nightlife, easy-going attitudes, rich regional cuisines and incredible biodiversity mean students can expect an exciting and enviable student environment.
Published on Oct 10, 2014
De 22 a 24 de setembro, a ABC reuniu os ministros de Educação e de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (CT&I), além de representantes da comunidade científica, da indústria, do governo e de instituições internacionais, para debater a promoção de um salto na qualidade das universidades brasileiras.
THEME 2: GOOD PRACTICES IN BRAZILIAN HIGHER EDUCATION
João Fernando Gomes de Oliveira: 00:32
Álvaro Prata: 22:47
Questions and Answers: 56:18
Study Abroad in São Paulo
Millions of Americans stop what they’re doing to watch the Super Bowl. For Brazilians, it’s Carnival, which pumps $1 billion into the economy annually. In Brazil’s business and economic center, explore the impact of this dazzling event and examine the economic challenges facing this rapidly developing country. You’ll also take part in a specialized language-learning program, enroll at a prestigious business school, and visit local and international companies – all to prepare you for the world of globalized business.
Study abroad in São Paulo and you'll:
- Experience the unique academic atmosphere of Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV), one of the most prestigious business schools in Latin America
- Take business courses taught in English or Portuguese alongside Brazilian and other international students
- Live in São Paulo, the most important cultural and economic center in Brazil
- Enjoy museums, concerts, soccer matches, a samba school, and two weekend trips
Scholarships & Grants
We want as many students as possible to benefit from studying abroad. That’s why CIEE awards more than $3 million every year – more than any other international educational organization – to make study abroad affordable.
Applicants to this program are eligible for the following scholarships and grants:
- Bailey Minority Serving Institution Grants
- Bowman Travel Grants
- Ping Scholarships for Academic Excellence
- Global Access Initiative (GAIN) Grants
- CIEE Business, Finance, and Management Merit Scholarships
- Study Abroad Grant
To be considered, simply check the “Scholarships and Grants” box on your program application.
Universities and Higher Education in Brazil
Brazil adopts a mixed system of public and private funded universities. Public universities can be federally funded or financed by State governments (such as USP, Unicamp and Unesp in the State of São Paulo).
Masters degrees at Brazilian universities
The Brazilian government engaged in an ambitious reform of the public higher education sector in the 1970s and 1980s and invested large sums in graduate education. Conversely, the public school sector did not receive as much attention and the current university student population from Brazil comes mainly from the private education sector.
The reforms also saw a systematic effort to finance graduate and postdoctoral studies abroad. A large proportion of these graduates returned to Brazil and helped to shape higher education institutions and graduate programmes, particularly in public universities.
Structure and content of Masters degrees in Brazil
In Brazil, a "mestrado" is a preparation for research and lasts two years. Similar to Masters programmes in other countries, it includes a taught component and a research project resulting in a dissertation. A Masters course will comprise of 60 ECTS credits (one credit is equivalent to 15 hours of classes).
The general conditions (remember there are always exceptions and variations) for the award of a mestrado is that you have to sit a qualifying examination, prepare a dissertation (which is examined – see below) and have the required number of credits from taught courses (which are also examined) and have a good attendance record for these classes.
Applying for a Masters in Brazil
Applicants to a Masters program often have to take entrance examinations but check with your university as there are also other selection processes. Entrance examinations, when they are required, may include written tests (often subject-specific) and an interview during which the panel assesses the applicants’ motivations.
As with most countries, applications for the majority of postgraduate courses can be made online via individual university websites. Sometimes you will have to contact your chosen department and ask for a form to be sent to you by e-mail. Deadlines for applications for postgraduate study will vary depending on the university but can be really early. Remember that the academic year starts in February so make sure you check with admissions departments of individual institutions when the deadline is.
Visas and immigration for Masters students in Brazil
Interestingly enough, and despite a relaxed attitude to life, there is actually a lot of red tape and bureaucracy in Brazil. The process of obtaining a visa is rather lengthy. It is difficult to say whether it is the laid back character of Brazilian officials or the bureaucratic process which causes this (laid back bureaucracy? Did I not say Brazil was a country of contrast?!)
As a student, you will have to apply for a visa belonging to the category of “temporary residence” visas which involve considerably more bureaucracy than the simple tourist visa (which would not be long enough for your Masters or PhD). Visas for studies in Brazil are issued for up to one year (renewable).
You will have to apply for your student visa well before your departure to Brazil at a Brazilian embassy or consulate in your home country. In most cases the application process takes two – three months so allow plenty of time.
Fees and funding for Masters degrees in Brazil
There are no tuition fees for Brazilian students in universities (a right established in the Brazilian Federal Constitution) and universities make up most of the federal and state institutions. The great news is that many public universities do not charge fees to international students either.
As a result, public universities are generally free of charge for international students while private universities will charge tuition fees ranging from R$300 ($121) to R$3,000 ($1,213). You may also be charged an application fee at both public and private universities. Other costs will include international student health insurance (see “The Masters student guide to living in Brazil”) and student services (such as sports facilities). Your student card will give you access to discounted public transport and university restaurants.
Published on Jun 4, 2013
[This video presented by Mike Greer, The Best Free Training website: http://www.bestfreetraining.net ]
This is a video tour of "Alison: A New World of Free Certified Learning." Alison is simply amazing! It provides 500 free courses, 60 million free lessons, over 4 million hours of study, as well as diplomas, certifications, teacher/supervisor tracking tools, and more.
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(For more reviews of great free training and education resources, visit The Best Free Training website, http://www.bestfreetraining.net or watch the YouTube Tour here: http://youtu.be/QLche6io7Ew ) -- Or visit Mike Greer's WORTH SHARING at http://worth-sharing.net
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Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have opened new doors for free online learning that lends itself well to ICT-related subjects. Meanwhile, employers seek candidates with relevant web skills. The Supply and Demand of MOOCs Infographic shows what skills are most in demand and what MOOCs are available that teach those skills, based on the results of a study conducted by the European Commission.
Top skills employers are looking for:
- Web and app design
- Domain-specific skills
- Programming languages
Top skills students want to learn:
- Web design
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Published on Apr 18, 2015
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Expanding nursery provision, improving educational standards and providing more vocational training to adults will be at the heart of Brazil’s efforts to fight poverty and inequality over the next few years, according to the country’s social development minister.
While she trumpeted the successes of the bolsa familia poverty-relief programme– the cash handout given to almost a quarter of Brazilian families on condition that their children go to school and get vaccinated – Tereza Campello insisted that the country still had a long way to go in creating a fairer and more prosperous society.
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